Women In Islam

 

The status of women in Islam varies widely in contrast with various cultures across the world. The role of women in Islamic society is based on Holy Quran teachings i.e. spiritual equality between both genders, and the idea that women have to exemplify femininity and men masculinity. Muslim men are directed to give respect, love, care, and protection to their women. Women in Islam enjoy freedom to vote, express her thoughts & ideas, and to choose her life partner.

Legal Status

The rules laid down by the Quran in the matter of the legal rights of woman are clear and comprehensive. The Quran says:

"Men shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave, and women shall have a portion of what the parents and the near relatives leave" (4:7)

And:

"For men is the benefit of what they earn. And for women is the benefit of what they earn" (4:32)

Spiritual Rights

Islam declares that man and woman both came from the same source (the Quran repudiates the idea of woman being created from the rib of man), so that both must possess the same quality of soul. The following verse is clear about this:

"Surely the men who submit and the women who submit, and the believing men and the believing women, and the obeying men and the obeying women, and the truthful men and the truthful women, and the patient men and the patient women, and the humble men and the humble women, and the almsgiving men and the almsgiving women, and the fasting men, and the fasting women, and the men who guard their private parts, and the women who guard, and the men who remember ALLAH much, and the women who remember ALLAH much - ALLAH has prepared for them forgiveness and a mighty reward" (33:35).

Social Position

In contrast to the popular views on the rights of woman as against those of man, we have the following in the Quran:

"And they (i.e. women) have rights similar to those against them in a just manner" (2:228).

The interdependence of man and woman is still more clearly asserted in the words:

"They (your wives) are a garment for you, just as you are a garment for them" (2:187).

a) As a child or an adolescent

In olden times, female child were buried alive by some Arabian tribes. In Holy Quran it is stated:

"And when the female (infant) buried alive - is questioned, for what crime she was killed." [81:8-9]

Islam has urged to stop this practice by criticizing it in harsh tone.

"When news is brought to one of them, of (the Birth of) a female (child), his face darkens and he is filled with inward grief! With shame does he hide himself from his people because of the bad news he has had! Shall he retain her on (sufferance) and contempt, or bury her in the dust? Ah! What an evil (choice) they decide on?" [16:58-59]

Islam asks to give equal rights to females, to stop injustice and equality. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) says:

Whosoever has a daughter and he does not bury her alive, does not insult her, and does not favor his son over her; God will enter him into Paradise. [Ibn Hanbal, No. 1957]

The right of females to seek knowledge is not different from that of males in Islam. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said:

"Seeking knowledge is mandatory for every Muslim". [Al-Bayhaqi]

Muslim includes both males and females.

b) As a wife:

Among the most impressive verses in the Holy Quran about marriage is as follows:

"And among His signs is this: That He created mates for you from yourselves that you may find rest, peace of mind in them, and He ordained between you love and mercy. Lo, herein indeed are signs for people who reflect." [30:21]

According to Islamic Law, women cannot be forced to marry anyone without their consent.

The concept of Mahr, a marriage gift is given by Islam to give protection to women. It is presented by husband at the time of marriage and is included in the nuptial contract, and that ownership is not transferable to husband or father.

Similar to marriage there are Islamic laws regarding the divorce.

The Holy Quran states:

"When you divorce women, and they reach their prescribed term, then retain them in kindness and retain them not for injury so that you transgress (the limits)" [2:231] [2:229 and 33:49]

c) As a mother:

The love care and respect for mother in Islam is at supreme.

Islam urged children to be kind to their mothers, and treat them with honor and dignity.

Holy Quran states:

"And we have enjoined upon man (to be good) to his parents: His mother bears him in weakness upon weakness..." [31:14] [46:15, 29:8]

A renowned saying of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) is:

"Paradise is at the feet of mothers." [In An-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, Ahmad]

View Original Article Written by Fazal Haq: Click Here
 

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Reviews & Comments
Before the Islam, there was no any justification with woman but Islam gives the equal rights to woman and give a legal status in social, women looks with great respect in Islam.
By: iqbal, khi on Apr, 17 2018
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'And they (i.e. women) have rights similar to those against them in a just manner' (2:228), this Ayat of Quran helps to clear that Islam gives similar rights to women but according to the direction of Islamic way.
By: Azeem, khi on Apr, 10 2018
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Islam is the complete religion where the roles of every steps and every matters are clearly describe. Before the Islam women have no rights but Islam justifies women role as a sister, as a mother and as a daughter.
By: kiran, khi on Apr, 02 2018
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The role of women in Islamic society is based on Holy Quran teachings i.e. spiritual equality between both genders, and the idea that women have to exemplify femininity and men masculinity.
By: Tahira, Lahore on Feb, 14 2018
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Islam gives women every right as Women in Islam enjoys freedom to vote, express her thoughts & ideas, and to choose her life partner and still many people argue with us being a Muslim.
By: Farhan, Islamabad on Feb, 12 2018
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Islam always allowed women to express her thoughts in right manner. Islam never stops women to not get an education for their better future, in fact, Islam promotes the women education.
By: Zareen, Karachi on Feb, 06 2018
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I feel blessed to be Islamic women as our religion provides a good shelter and security for the status of women in our society.
By: Daniya, Karachi on Feb, 01 2018
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Islam has been very much generous to women. Its Muslims who disobey and don’t put women on their rightful rank. Oppression in the name of Islam has been a practice since forever.
By: Farida, Rawalpindi on Jan, 19 2018
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Women in Islam deserves all the applause for their dedication, hard work, and adopting the lifestyle in accordance to the teachings of Holy Quran. Thanks for writing this article. It is certainly the best thing that can ever happen to us. I have already read it twice.
By: Pakeeza, Lahore on Sep, 27 2017
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Women in Islam are given such a high status and respect that we all must adore. All women should be respected and given equal rights to survive in this society. I am all privileged to find this article informative.
By: Rida, Karachi on Sep, 26 2017
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مزہبی کالم نگاری میں لکھنے اور تبصرہ کرنے والے احباب سے گزارش ہے کہ دوسرے مسالک کا احترام کرتے ہوئے تنقیدی الفاظ اور تبصروں سے گریز فرمائیں - شکریہ
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