(still current) followed by with as an indication of manner:
Example: followed by of; general use:
1839, Charles Dickens, Oliver Twist, Penguin 1985, page 87:
"What did she die of, Work'us?" said Noah. "Of a broken heart, some of our old nurses told me," replied Oliver.
2000, Stephen King, On Writing, Pocket Books 2002, page 85:
In 1971 or 72, Mom's sister Carolyn Weimer died of breast cancer.
followed by from; general use, though somewhat more common in the context of medicine or the sciences:
1865, British Medical Journal, 4 Mar 1865, page 213:
She lived several weeks; but afterwards she died from epilepsy, to which malady she had been previously subject.
2007, Frank Herbert & Kevin J. Anderson, Sandworms of Dune, Tor 2007, page 191:
"Or all of them will die from the plague. Even if most of the candidates succumb. . ."
followed by for; often expressing wider contextual motivations, though sometimes indicating direct causes:
1961, Joseph Heller, Catch-22, Simon & Schuster 1999, page 232:
Englishmen are dying for England, Americans are dying for America, Germans are dying for Germany, Russians are dying for Russia. There are now fifty or sixty countries fighting in this war.
2003, Tara Herivel & Paul Wright (editors), Prison Nation, Routledge 2003, page 187:
Less than three days later, Johnson lapsed into a coma in his jail cell and died for lack of insulin.
1600, William Shakespeare, Much Ado About Nothing, Act III, Scene I:
Therefore let Benedicke like covered fire, / Consume away in sighes, waste inwardly: / It were a better death, to die with mockes, / Which is as bad as die with tickling.
1830, Joseph Smith, The Book of Mormon, Richards 1854, page 337:
And there were some who died with fevers, which at some seasons of the year was very frequent in the land.
She died with dignity.