What is Congo Virus, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment

(Source: medindia)

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral disease that spreads through tick bite. It was first described in Crimea in 1944 and was called Crimean Hemorrhagic fever.

It was later also described in Congo, hence it was named Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever. The disease is more common in Africa, Asia, East Europe and the Middle East. A recent outbreak has been reported in the Indian State of Gujarat.

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is caused by a virus belonging to a group called Nairovirus. The virus infects wild as well as domestic animals like sheep and cattle through tick bites. Humans are infected when they come in direct contact with blood or tissues from infected animals or bites of infected ticks.

Crushing of infected tick could also result in infection. Infection may rarely occur if people breathe in the virus passed out in the infected animal’s excreta. Thus, people who work in close contact with livestock such as those working in agriculture, slaughterhouses and veterinary hospitals are at a higher risk of acquiring the disease.

Once a human is affected, the infection spreads to other people if they come in contact with the patient’s infected blood or body fluids. Infection could also spread in hospitals during injections and surgical procedures. Hospital staff that treat patients with CCHF are at a higher risk for developing the infection.


A person cannot be infected by eating well-cooked infected meat since the virus does not survive cooking.

The patient may show general symptoms like high fever, headache, joint and muscle aches, nausea, stomach pain and loose motions. He may suffer from severe bleeding, jaundice, convulsions, and coma.

CCHF is diagnosed using tests like ELISA, isolation of the virus, antigen detection, and polymerase chain reaction. The patient is treated with intravenous fluids and an antiviral drug ribavarin.


Adequate precautions should be taken to avoid being infected in epidemics. People exposed to domestic animals or those undergoing activities like hiking should wear protective gear to avoid tick bites. Hospital staff should also take adequate precautions while treating patients with the disease. Ribavarin may be administered to people coming in close contact with patients.

Disclaimer: All information is provided here only for general health education. Please consult your health physician regarding any treatment of health issues.
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Reviews & Comments
A person cannot be infected by eating well-cooked infected meat since the virus does not survive cooking. I think mostly virus appears to human by air or environment.
By: Arsalan, khi on Apr, 10 2018
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It is one of the critical viruses in the world I hardly hear that the effected person life can be save by curing it as it not a curable disease.
By: Shahid, Lahore on Feb, 01 2018
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Agar Aap Log Congo Virus Sa Bachna Chahty Hain To Ye Video Zaror Deakhy Agar Video Achi Lagay To Agay Zaror Share Karay Aur Hamra Youtube Channel Subscribe Karay Thanks Video Dekhnay Ke Liye Link Per Click Karay.
By: desi totkay, Lahore on Sep, 27 2016
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اگر آٹھ دن گزر جائیں اور کوئی علامات ظاہر نہ ہو تو اس کا مطلب کہ کوئی خطرے والی بات نہیں ۔یا پھر بھی کوئی خطرہ ہو سکتا ھے۔
By: Mrs ajaz, Islamabad on Sep, 21 2016
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You make Vazoo & read durood sharif 1 time & thereafter you read 41 times Surah Fateha & thereafter you read durood sharif one time and take a half glass boiled water and take air in your mouth in the water 03 times. Insha Allah GOD must your help.
By: IRFAN ALI, Karachi Pakistan on Sep, 20 2016
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It means all ticks are not harmful. Only infected can be dangerous. But how can we recognize. It is just like dengue which develops from a specific mosquito but not from all kinds of mosquitoes. It is nothing but may be due to our sins. May Allah save us all from all kinds of sudden deaths. Amin
By: Zaka, Islamabad on Sep, 06 2016
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12 Like
are you guide me treatment of cangoo virus people
By: Ahmed, hyderabad on Aug, 30 2016
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How a poor people save the cangovirous and what is the vaccine of the infected people of cangovirous. please take advice
By: irfan ali, Karachi, Pakistan on Sep, 20 2016
2 Like
I have learn lot of things today
Is there any vaccination for humans about this??
By: Shahmeer, Karachi on Aug, 22 2016
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5 Like
Allah save us from the diseases ,, Allahuakber,,
public awareness mission, sami khan,
By: M samiuddin khan, Hyderabad on Sep, 02 2016
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Is Their Any Vaccination Regarding Congo Virus In Pakistan..
By: Hassan, Lahore on Aug, 20 2016
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10 Like
I have cat could it be also dangerous as my kids play with her
By: Ghazal, Murree on Aug, 08 2016
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11 Like
you should check her body, if there is any tick go to animal hospital and purchase medicine for your cat.
By: faizan ali, dalian on Aug, 21 2016
14 Like
YEss its very dangerous for your kids,give it to me if it is of some good breed :D :D :D
By: Sarim, Peshawar on Aug, 20 2016
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Nice efforts hamariweb to aware people about this disease, we listened about it from media & got worried about the disease.
By: Amir, Karachi on Aug, 01 2016
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Good n enough info about Congo virus. ... thanks
By: zafar, Multan on Aug, 01 2016
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How can we prevent it as yesterday it's announced in our city, initially come from a patient due to which 3 doctors are in critical condition and one Dr.is died. Its spreading from our city to neaarby cities.
By: hareem, Bahawalpur on Jul, 31 2016
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Information is blessing , wonderful
By: muhammad shahzad, rawalpindi on Sep, 19 2015
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8 Like
thank you alll
By: sufyan, pakistan karachi on Nov, 23 2014
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