Turmeric is a spice which has medicinal properties.
basically, it is a yellow powder which is found in every Pakistani and Indian
kitchen, known as "Haldi" in Urdu/Hindi, Turmeric is a flowering plant, Curcuma
longa of the ginger family, Zingiberaceae, the roots of which are used in
cooking. The plant is native to the Indo-Pak subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
Plants are gathered each year for theirrhizomes, some for propagation in the
following season and some for consumption.
The rhizomes are used fresh or boiled in water and dried, after which they are
ground into a deep orange-yellow powder commonly used as a coloring and
flavoring agent in many Asian cuisines, especially for curries, as well as for
dyeing. Turmeric powder has a warm, bitter, black pepper-like flavor and earthy,
mustard-like aroma.Turmeric powder is about 60–70% carbohydrates, 6–13% water,
6–8% protein, 5–10% fat, 3–7% dietary minerals, 3–7% essential oils, 2–7%
dietary fiber, and 1–6% curcuminoids. Phytochemical components of turmeric
include diarylheptanoids, a class including numerous curcuminoids, such as
curcumin, desmethoxycurcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin. Curcumin constitutes up
to 3.14% of assayed commercial samples of turmeric powder (the average was
1.51%); curry powder contains much less (an average of 0.29%).34 essential oils
like turmerone, germacrene, atlantone, and zingiberene are present in turmeric.
Before going to its health benefits, we will know about its culinary uses.
Culinary Uses of Turmeric: Turmeric is one of the key ingredients in many Asian
dishes it is used mostly in savory dishes, but also is used in some sweet
dishes, such as the cake sfouf. In India, turmeric leaf is used to prepare
special sweet dishes, patoleo . It is used in many products such as canned
beverages, baked products, dairy products, ice cream, yogurt, yellow cakes,
orange juice, biscuits, popcorn color, cereals, sauces, and gelatin. It is a
principal ingredient in curry powders.Although typically used in its dried,
powdered form, turmeric also is used fresh, like ginger. It has numerous uses in
East Asian recipes, such as a pickle that contains large chunks of fresh soft
Turmeric is used widely as a spice in South Asian and Middle Eastern cooking.
Various Iranian recipes begin with onions caramelized in oil and turmeric. It is
included in Moroccan spice mix . In South Africa, turmeric is used to give
boiled white rice a golden color, known as geelrys (yellow rice) . Turmeric is
also a part of Vietnamese cuisine, Cambodian cuisine and Indonesian cuisine, In
Thailand, fresh turmeric rhizomes are used widely in many dishes. The turmeric
milk drink known as haldidoodh (haldi means turmeric) is a South Asian recipe.
Health Benefits of Turmeric:Several compounds in turmeric may support your
health. The most well-known of these is curcumin It has been shown to have
strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects and can even support wound
healing through its antibacterial effects.
Because curcumin can help fight inflammation and keep blood sugar levels steady,
it could be a useful tool to prevent or treat type 2 diabetes. Curcumin can
specifically lower inflammatory markers such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and
interleukin 6 (IL-6), which are key contributors to type 2 diabetes
Curcumin might help you to fight off a variety of viruses, including herpes and
the flu. So you can add turmeric to your tea or milk to tackle with these
Many studies have shown that curcumin help ease premenstrual symptoms (PMS),
turmeric may bring relief from menstrual cramps,
Some studies have found that turmeric can lower LDL "bad" cholesterol,
Turmeric has shown promise for its ability to ease joint pain, stiffness, and
inflammation. Turmeric is also beneficial for cancer patients and persons with
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), IBS is a widespread condition involving
recurrent abdominal pain and diarrhoea or constipation, often associated with
stress, depression, anxiety, or previous intestinal infection.
Turmeric is also used to treat acne and other skin problem and is included in
face masks, face washes, face creams and ubtans (Ubtan is a powdered mix of
Ayurvedic herbs and natural ingredients. In other words, it's a homemade paste
which makes skin shine and fresh). Turmeric and curcumin also help relieve
headache, stress and depression.
Absorption of curcumin from gut to bloodstream:
Curcumin is often poorly absorbed and can pass through your gut undigested. A
helpful Tip for better absorption is to add some black pepper to your meals or
supplements that contain turmeric or curcumin. A substance in black pepper
called piperine can increase the bioavailability of curcumin