(Umia & Shagufta, karachi)

The 8 of may considered as a World Thalassemia Day all around the world. Thalassemia is a major disease caused by genetic blood disorder. When human body are not able to make enough hemoglobin in RBC’s so that the oxygen cannot circulate in all over the body parts and the organs are unable to perform their functions properly. Thalassemia can have caused if two minor genes are fused together, so they have chances to give birth to one thalassemia major so the survivor then need proper treatment which include routine blood transfusion and other cure. The symptoms occur when thalassemia caused are weakness, slow growth etc.

Abdominal swelling, pale or yellow skin, dark urine and many other symptoms have to face by the thalassemia patients. Sometimes these symptoms are appearing after birth and sometime after couple of years. Many of the institutions serve for thalassemia patients and provide awareness. Approximately 5000 to 7000 babies in Pakistan are born with thalassemia. Pakistan must have to follow example of western countries like the couples who want to marry are required to undergo through blood screening and then they can receive their marriage certificate. Pakistan should follow this example because prevention is always better than cure.

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