CORONAVIRUS -CoVID-19:

(Shohaib Haneef, )

BY ZUHA AYUB

PRECAUTIONS:
Wash your hands intermittently.
Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose.
Cover your mouth and nose with tissue when you cough or sneeze.
Practice social distancing.
Avoid crowded places.
Stay at home if you feel
unwell.
Keep distance to the people who are sick.
Eat food that enhance immunity.

Virus is the most abundant microscopic biological entity on the planet. One of the viruses called CORONA VIRUS which has become quite a huge global concern originated in Wuhan, China in late 2019 by outbreak of pneumonia of unknown etiology.

On 30th January,2020 WHO declared 6th public health emergency of international concern which highlighted numerous confirmed cases and the expeditious spread of the virus cross China and many other countries.

On 11th February, 2020 WHO announced the official name of corona virus disease is 2019-Novel Corona virus or CoVID-19. Later on the virus got renamed as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Corona virus 2 or SARS-CoV-2 by 'International Committee on Taxonomy of Virus' because it is genetically related to the virus that caused SARS outbreak in 2003 but the disease is quite different SARS-CoV-2 has high transmission efficiency. Its genome consists of positive sense single stranded RNA virus belonging to the genus Batocoronavirus. SARS is closely related to the structure of two bats, bat-SL-CoVZC45 and bat-SL-CoVZC21 respectively.

STRUCTURE:

Coronavirus belongs to the family of coronaviridae, and its scientific name is Orthocoronavirinae or Coronavirinae. They are spherical with the diameter of approximately 125nm. The word corona is derived from Latin and Greek word called 'kopwvn' meaning crown. It is due to the crown like structure on its surface called spikes (finger like projection) which gives it the appearance of 'solar corona' that estimate from cell membrane and help the virus to binds onto a host cell. The protein covers the overall surface of virus. They also have envelope and nucleocapsid encoded with the viral genome.

SYMPTOMS:

For confirmed CoVID-19 disease, the reported symptoms are as follows:

Fever
Sneezing
Cough
Sore throat
Runny nose
Tiredness
Diarrhea
Fatigue
Shortness or difficulty in breathing
And those people who have some medical complications like high blood pressure, heart problem or diabetes are more likely to develop serious sickness.

The symptoms may appear in 2-14 days after exposure. This virus transmitted through respiratory droplets from person to person, or any objects and surfaces around the person by touching it. In addition, those who develop the above-mentioned symptoms must contact their doctors as soon as possible. The corona-virus is affecting almost all over the world, more than 200 countries and territories. There are approx 1,432,670 confirmed cases, in which 82,124 death reported and 302,32 are recovered reported. This pandemic is mostly affecting declining age people (above 50) and also adolescent because of the suppress immunity. Unfortunately, there is no medicine or vaccine for the cure of CoVID-19. The only way to overcome this disease is to follow guidelines which has been given by the WHO.

ECONOMIC IMPACT:

The corona virus that causes every part of the world to be devastating is a deadly epidemic that has made the world worse. The outbreak began in China, affecting more than 500,000 people and also affecting the global economy, which halted many businesses around the world, but also left counting costs for businesses around the world.

Current Economy Status: China, the largest producer, exporter of sales and investor, it’s economy has been declined in the past few months. Not just in China, it has happened in many other countries. Their economy has have been declined due to current pandemic worse situation. There are lock down situation in almost every country to prevent this pandemic spread. Industrial production and business has fallen. All investors, businessman over the world suffering from great lost. But the major problem is the lack of medical equipment’s, such as mask, gloves, sanitizers, hospital beds, ICU, oxygen therapy, ventilators and ECMO machines that are being managed by the government, health departments and the military. But the effects of outbreaks on demand are not always negative, on the one hand some businesses are downsizing while on the other hand some other businesses are developing. Supermarkets and online delivery services are increasing consumer demand as people’s fear and uncertainty motivate them to store goods.

The world top experts think, that it can get little signs into the future from places that are recently getting infected. And if we look around the world in North America and Europe, the Middle East, we can see that we’re really at the period of exponential growth.

And now no one can predict that it will be disappeared soon.

The current situation on 8/04/2020 by 11:45am

Coronavirus Cases:

1,432,679

Deaths:

82,124

Recovered:

302,32

CoVID-19 is a deadly, but if we take precautionary measure as pre WHO instruction, we can safe ourself from it. SO don't panic, stay at home, stay safe!

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