How To Prevent From Global Epidemics Coronavirus?

(Kinza Farooq, )

When the earliest reports of a coronavirus outbreak strike the airwaves in January (early), many people had earlier caught the disease around or in the city of Wuhan. The coronavirus has spread rapidly, and the rate of infectionsincreased day by day, in Wuhan and other cities of China isolated a huge number of affected persons and quarantined upon 50 million residents. Coronavirus has spread to move more than twenty states. The World Health Organization WHO proclaimed the disease a “Public Health Emergency of International Concern”.

Coronaviruses are transmitted between people and animals. Detailed studies found that SARC (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) was transferred from civet cats to human beings while MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) from Arabian camel to humans. Initial symptoms of coronavirus contain fever, dry cough, muscle pain and fatigue. While other coronavirus symptoms include cough, fever, running nose, sore throat, headache and common feeling of illness (unwell).Various known coronaviruses are circulating in many animals that have not affected the humans yet. In severe coronavirus cases sometimes, infection cause severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure which leads to death of a person.

Coronavirus is still in its early days, and its nature of characteristics will take time to interpret. The scale of coronavirus final and conclude impact will rely on only how transmissible it reveals itself to be and how fatal it is in those who sick-----properties that cannot be exactly calculated at this phase. There is a clear probability that coronavirus may not be carried time to stop and prevent a huge global outbreak. That’s why countries should start arranging for that prospect now.

EVALUATING THE RISKS OF CORONAVIRUS WILL GET DATA AND TIME:
The fast rise in cases in China recommends that coronavirus is transmitted human to human, while scientific information about the patterns of its growth around most of the affected are not yet exactly available to the governments other than China or World Health Organization (WHO). In past epidemic of respiratory disease, the rate of growth has slowed down, as people became more knowledgeable of the risks and took some steps to secure and protect themselves by covering their coughs, washing their hands, canceling large gatherings, staying home if sick and so on.But coronavirus continue to grow and spread quickly and widely, even scientists cannot judge accurately Controlling the growth of the virus needs both medical measures and public health. The coronavirus is physically a large virus, at just 125 nanometers with a surface of spike projections, too big to remain alive in the air for hours or it can travel more than a few feet. Same as influenza, but this coronavirus can spread through direct and indirect, both contacts. Direct contact takes place through the physical shifting of the microorganism among family members and friends throughclose association with oral secretions. While indirect contact occurs when effected or an infected person sneezes or coughs, spreading coronavirus droplets on the surface of near areas, including bedrail, laptop, smartphone and knobs.

HOW TO PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS
Strongest and powerful measures may be general education about the better ways to avoid infection, for example keep away from infected persons, and avoid physical contact with them, wearing face masks and arrange proper hand hygiene. China is taking these precautionary measures with public health information (broadcast) transmit by radio or television or multiple means. These steps can secure everyone as well as families.

Recently there is no vaccine to prevent coronavirus infection. The better way to protect themselves from infection is to avoid being vulnerable to this virus.

Wash your hands:
Hand hygiene is compulsory to avoid this virus to some extent. First wet your hands with clean running water, and use germs killing soap thoroughly including the back sides, between fingers and under nail areas also. Scrub your hands for 20 seconds at least then rinse. If water and soap are unavailable, use sanitizer that are alcohol based with minimum 60% alcohol.

Cover your mouth and nose:
During coughing and sneezing cover your nose and mouth with a handkerchief or tissue then threw it in the dust bin and wash your hands properly with soap. If you don’t have a tissueor handkerchief than use your elbow not sneeze or cough in yourhands. Avoid touching your nose, eyes and mouth with dirty and unwashed hands.

Use Face masks:
Face masks provide some protection because they stop and block liquid droplets. But they don’t block little aerosol particles that can enter through the material of the mask. In wearing mask eyes are exposed and there is a confirmation that some viruses can affect and infect an individual through the eyes.

Get medical help:
If a person has fever, shortness of breath and cough discuss your travel history with health care provider. Avoid close contact with sick people.

In affected areas if visiting live markets then avoid direct and unsafe contact with live animals. If a person in an affected area then he should avoid eating undercooked or raw animal products and show care when contacting and handling raw meat, milk or organs of animals to keep away cross-contamination with uncooked foodstuffs.

Disinfect and clean routinely touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning wipe or spray.

PROTECT YOURSELF WHILE TRAVELING:
Everybody has recommended avoiding unnecessary travels to China and Chinese officials have stopped, and closed travel to and from Wuhan and many other cities in Hubei province. If a person must travel to China, then first discuss it with your medical practitioner and keep away from other people who are infected and avoid animals, going to meat market and animal markets.

SOME REMEDIES FOR CORONAVIRUSES:
There are no specific medications for illnesses caused by human coronaviruses. Many people with common human being coronavirus sickness will recover on their own, while person can do something to reduce their symptoms.
Use fever and pain medications.
Take hot shower because it helps ease a cough and sore throat.

If a person is lightly sick, then he should:
Stay at home and take some rest.
Drink plenty of liquids.
Human coronavirus can may be caused by lower respiratory tract sickness like bronchitis and pneumonia. This is more common in those people who have cardiopulmonary disease, individual with weakened immune systems, older adults and babies.

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