Self Building

(Hafsa Mahmood, Lahore)

The criterion of measuring intelligence in schools is its grading system, but in typical Pakistani education system good grades are merely the depiction of memorization power in students. Our curriculum focuses only on the questions which are asked in exercises, instead of focusing on the applied questions. As a result, students lack in applied skills.

Intelligence is defined as “it is the resultant of the process of acquiring, storing in memory, retrieving, combining, comparing, and using in new contexts information and conceptual skills” (Humphreys). According to this definition, intelligent person has the ability to take the concept and use his concept whenever needed.

In modern world, the concept of multiple intelligence is emerged. According to this concept, intelligence is a mental ability and there are different types of intelligence which are linguistic intelligence, logical-mathematical intelligence, spatial intelligence, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, intrapersonal intelligence, naturalistic intelligence. For instance, a child uses a piece of rope for swinging by tied it with a branch of tree. In this, a child utilizes his spatial intelligence and uses a piece of rope for playing it with.

Linguistic intelligence is related to the communication and writing skills. The person who has this type of intelligence is conscious in choosing words and sound of words. Poets, journalists and speech-writers exhibit such intelligence. In logical-mathematical intelligence, person is good in ordering objects, assessing their quantity and making relationship among them. Scientists, mathematicians, and philosophers display such skills. Spatial intelligence exhibits the skill of remembering visual and spatial information. Such individuals can easily copy shapes and match visual images. They are good in charts, diagrams or maps and visual arts. Besides this, bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is the ability to create products by using their bodies. Athletes, surgeons, dancers, craftspeople are the example of Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence. Furthermore, awareness of feelings and intentions that belong to others is interpersonal intelligence. Teachers, parents, politicians, psychologists, and salespeople rely on this. Moreover, intrapersonal intelligence helps individuals to “distinguish among their own feelings, to build accurate mental models of themselves, and to draw on these models to make decisions about their lives” (Kreshevsky & Siedel, 1998, p. 20).Therapists and religious leaders may exhibit strength in this intelligence and naturalistic intelligence helps people to recognize living environment. Farmers, gardeners, botanists, geologists, florists, and archaeologists are the examples.

Teachers and parents should not only focus on the logical intelligence, they should know the concept of multiple intelligence. For the development of innovation in ideas and originality in personality it is strongly needed that education system pay attention to student’s interest and channelize his energy in right direction.

Multiple Intelligence is dependent on the environment of student i.e., his socioeconomic status, education, family, peer group etc. Parents and teachers should encourage the student’s little independency, so that, his mind remain actively engage in problem solving process. They should give attention and appreciation to his applied skills, also encouraging his extracurricular activities e.g. exercising, swimming, language learning, visiting to educational or natural places etc. It will consequently cause the development of intelligence as a whole. It might be happen that after his exposure he will find in which aspect he is the best.

Intelligence is a relative term; we should not label it only with the grades in the examination. It is often seen students with best grades in class usually not successful in practical life and vice versa. The point is, we should encourage the individual in his scope of intelligence. This attitude will ultimately bring the ace specifically in field of profession and generally in the course of his life. ( author is graduate student in Sociology and Cultural Studies at PU)

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