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bloque ,zoquete ,tajo

Definition & Synonyms

• Block

  1. (v. t.) The solid piece of wood on which condemned persons lay their necks when they are beheaded.
  2. (n.) To obstruct so as to prevent passage or progress; to prevent passage from, through, or into, by obstructing the way; -- used both of persons and things; -- often followed by up; as, to block up a road or harbor.
  3. (v. t.) The pattern or shape of a hat.
  4. (v. t.) A blockhead; a stupid fellow; a dolt.
  5. (v. t.) A section of a railroad where the block system is used. See Block system, below.
  6. (v. t.) The wooden mold on which hats, bonnets, etc., are shaped.
  7. (v. t.) Any obstruction, or cause of obstruction; a stop; a hindrance; an obstacle; as, a block in the way.
  8. (v. t.) A piece of wood more or less bulky; a solid mass of wood, stone, etc., usually with one or more plane, or approximately plane, faces; as, a block on which a butcher chops his meat; a block by which to mount a horse; childrens playing blocks, etc.
  9. (n.) To shape on, or stamp with, a block; as, to block a hat.
  10. (v. t.) A piece of hard wood (as mahogany or cherry) on which a stereotype or electrotype plate is mounted to make it type high.
  11. (v. t.) The perch on which a bird of prey is kept.
  12. (n.) To secure or support by means of blocks; to secure, as two boards at their angles of intersection, by pieces of wood glued to each.
  13. (v. t.) A grooved pulley or sheave incased in a frame or shell which is provided with a hook, eye, or strap, by which it may be attached to an object. It is used to change the direction of motion, as in raising a heavy object that can not be conveniently reached, and also, when two or more such sheaves are compounded, to change the rate of motion, or to exert increased force; -- used especially in the rigging of ships, and in tackles.
  14. (v. t.) A square, or portion of a city inclosed by streets, whether occupied by buildings or not.
  15. (v. t.) A piece of box or other wood for engravers work.
  16. (v. t.) A large or long building divided into separate houses or shops, or a number of houses or shops built in contact with each other so as to form one building; a row of houses or shops.
  17. (n.) A block hole.
  18. (n.) The popping crease.
  19. (n.) In Australia, one of the large lots into which public land, when opened to settlers, is divided by the government surveyors.
  20. (n.) The position of a player or bat when guarding the wicket.

Bar, Barricade, Blockade, Blockage, Blocking, Closure, Cube, Deflect, Embarrass, Forget, Freeze, Halt, Hinder, Immobilize, Impede, Interference, Jam, Kibosh, Lug, Obstruct, Obturate, Occlude, Occlusion, Parry, Pulley, Stop, Stoppage, Stuff, Stymie,

• Block book

  1. () A book printed from engraved wooden blocks instead of movable types.

• Block chain

  1. () A chain in which the alternate links are broad blocks connected by thin side links pivoted to the ends of the blocks, used with sprocket wheels to transmit power, as in a bicycle.

• Block signal

  1. () One of the danger signals or safety signals which guide the movement of trains in a block system. The signal is often so coupled with a switch that act of opening or closing the switch operates the signal also.

• Block system

  1. () A system by which the track is divided into short sections, as of three or four miles, and trains are so run by the guidance of electric, or combined electric and pneumatic, signals that no train enters a section or block until the preceding train has left it, as in absolute blocking, or that a train may be allowed to follow another into a block as long as it proceeds with excessive caution, as in permissive blocking.

• Block tin

  1. () See under Tin.