XDR Typhoid A life threatening illness

(Zeeshan Qureshi, Karachi)

Contaminated water; a source of Typhi

A modern study, based on British and Pakistani scientists, in Karachi, bring a breakthrough on a screen; a life threatening emergency accordance to the emerging antibiotic resistant bacteria i.e XDR Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi which is perfectly ineffective against the top broad spectrum antibiotics (Chloramphenicol, Ampicillin, Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, fluoroquinoles). This is ideally a great breakthrough in the Pakistan especially in Karachi and has been enroll as a life threatening illness; with the food poisoning as well. As the mentioned fever is a severe disease caused by the Gram negative bacterium Salmonella enteric serovar Typhi is getting ineffective on a high rate, commonly.

The strains of Salmonella Typhi has becomes a public health concern in Pakistan these days, as the bacteria is resistant to the first line treatment and second line option as well. While, according to the modern study isolated reports of XDR typhoid, the Pakistan represents the first known outbreak of an XDR strain.

Salmonella Typhi; the cause of typhoid fever is typically spreads by the side help of contaminated water and food and in the poor sanitary areas, uncovered foods or through currency exchanges by hand and results in the cause of severe medical illness. Typhoid has been a life threatening illness and has already effects the 21 million people worldwide to the death, according to a research.

Symptoms of XDR typhoid fever includes high grade fever associated with stomach pain, slight to severe headache, cough, nausea and/ or sometimes vomiting. In some cases, the skin gets pink rashes throughput the body. In rare conditions, the death of the person may occur.

The people should be vaccinated with the XDR typhi, sanitary conditions should be altered with the proper system. Hygienic environment should be made while having meal and/ or drinks. Uncovered foods should be avoided. Proper hand washing should apply in order to limit the germs to get enter into your body. Hospitalizations should be assured, when diagnosed with the infection, in emergence.

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