(Nimra Naeem, )

The growth in population has been caused not by sudden increase in fertility. This has been caused due to advance in medical and ancillary science and the consequent decrease in the death rate. The other causes for the growth of population in Pakistan are poverty, lack of education, early marriages, particularly among the rular population and general attitude of the people towards family. Children are considered gift and blessing of God. Practical application of family planning methods is not so popular among the people.

The government has not been able to prevent the growth rate in spite of family planning program due to lack of practical use of birth control methods. The government has admitted its failure to limit the population to the proposed target. Rapid population growth is also tending to overuse of the country's natural resources, particularly in rural areas where majority of the people depending on agriculture for their livelihood. With rapidly increasing population, agricultural holdings are becoming smaller and unproductive. With rapidly growing population it is becoming difficult to manage adjustments relating to economic and social changes. Urbanisation trend is creating such problems as housing, power, water, and transport problem. Rapidly increasing population to an increased demand for food products, clothes, houses etc is also plunging the economy into large scale of unemployment and under employment. With increasing the population, proportion of worker to total population is also rising. Rapidly growing population is also leading to environmental damage. Scarcity of land is pushing a large number of people to ecologically sensitive areas such as hill sides and tropical forests.

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