Tuition centers have a high
prominence in present Pakistani society. Every next student, whether gifted or
average, rich or poor, is taking tuitions, which has made this culture take root
in the present educational system.
The scenario is completely reversed from the past when availing tuitions meant
that you were a weak or bad student. Tuitions today are a significant need of
every student. Thus you see small groups of students gathered at teachers' homes
or well-furnished coaching centers just about everywhere. The fee too varies
according to vicinities, further adding to parents' burdens. However, if one
would like to evaluate the causes of this scenario, there may be plenty of them.
The biggest cause of the increasing demand for tuitions is the large number of
pupils in school classrooms. Each class is full of varied talents with areas in
need of improvement. The ratio of teacher to student is usually 1:50 and they
have short periods (around 30-45 minutes) to teach, which makes it difficult for
the teachers to pay individual attention especially to the class's average or
slow learners. A teacher may find it difficult to identify each student's need
in order to help him cope with his studies. That is why a student is compelled
to undertake tuitions in order to successfully complete the examination
The present teachers' status in society and lesser monitory benefits in the
teaching profession also contribute to an increased demand for tuitions. Many
teachers who run private tuition centers on the side see to it that their
students attend those instead of benefitting from what is taught in the
classroom. It is the tuition centers where they teach what was to be taught in
the classroom with complete determination and sincerity.
Another important thing leading to the tuition culture is the present
examination system in Pakistan. The students are expected to develop
knowledge-level understanding of their subject rather than spoil in the
self-investigation of different phenomenon which leads them into the trap of
rote learning and solving hundreds of old examination papers before sitting for
Tuition centers encourage students to take shortcuts. Rather than studying the
respective subjects in depth, they provide them with old examination papers to
solve in a given time period and just like that studying becomes the training of
the mind to work mechanically rather than think objectively.
The parents' education level or the time they can give to their children also
contributes to the demand for tuitions. Research has proved that the parents'
level of education has a high positive relation with students' educational
achievement (Hodgkinson, 2004).
Even today in Pakistan many of the parents, especially mothers who are
considered responsible for the child's education, are uneducated. This enhances
the need of arranging tuitions for children in order to provide them with an
opportunity to improve their educational outcome. In addition, the concept of
both working parents has led to parents spending half or sometimes even a whole
day outside the house. This makes it difficult for them to pay due attention to
their children. How many working parents in this day and age find the time to
sit and do homework with their children in the evening? Tuitions are a solution
for this problem as well.
These causes have made a huge impact on the social and educational system of our
society. The quality of classroom teaching has been affected. Teachers are
usually aware of the fact that 90 per cent of their students take tuitions
making them fulfill their responsibility in class half-heartedly. The tutors are
expected to pay special attention to the students instead. On the other hand,
students also pay less attention in the classroom as they feel that their tutors
will do the needful later. The level of respect for school teachers in the eyes
of the pupil has gone down considerably due to this fact.
The self-directed learning capacity of students has been affected. Students have
become dependent on tuitions and tutors for understanding concepts rather than
making an effort on their own to investigate a subject and develop their own
understanding. There goes the curious nature and analytical and reflective
thinking of the students. Where is the need for all that when you are getting
readymade material from the tuitions centers to study for an examination?
The negative aspects overshadow the positive ones. This existing situation lays
an important responsibility on school authorities as well as parents. School
authorities need to ensure that teachers fulfill their responsibility to the
students. An effective monitoring mechanism needs to be devised to ensure the
quality of teaching in the classroom. The parents too should try to pay more
attention to their children as they are the first and most important teachers in
their children's lives.