Surah Qamar with English Translation
Surah Qamar (The Moon) was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in Makkah. Surah-al-Qamar is the 54th Surah of the Holy Quran. The Ayat (Surah) consists of 55 Ayaat (verses). Among Muslims, this ayat is commonly known as Surat-al-Qamar. The first section of the Ayaats briefly explains a miracle performed by the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). This miracle was the famous splitting of the moon performed by the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) when he was in Makkah. He did this in response to a challenge from the disbelievers. From Surah Qamar Para Number 1 to 55 the blessing, attributes, miracles of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) and wrath of Allah is explained.
The second verse, however, explains the response of the believers after witnessing the miracle, which is written as they responded: “they saw the sign and turned away claiming this miracle to be sorcery or magic”. This incident is not only mentioned in Surah-e-Qamar but also in various other books written by the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). There are two explanations of Surah-e-Qamar. The first one being the explanation of the miracle performed by the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and the other in which it is told that the Judgement day is destined to come and on that day the believers and the disbelievers will stand separately. Furthermore, Surah Qamar with English translation indicates that those who are destined to go to Paradise will go there, whereas, those condemned to Hell will go to Hell.
Surah-Al-Qamar was revealed in Makkah, this the reason why it focuses so much on the disbelievers. The word Qamar itself means “Moon” that is used to warn the disbeliever about their inevitable fate in the hereafter. Moreover, the Moon is also the symbol of Islam. This indicates that the ideology may also be that the Moon is the symbol of Islam because the lunar cycle determines the structure of Islam.
Surah Qamar ki fazilat (importance) is that it strikes the heart of the disbelievers and makes them realize that they are wrong and if they continued to evil doing they will suffer.
Surah-al-Qamar also explains the idea of rejection, truth, and punishment for the disbelievers all in contrast to the previous punishments endured by the people. There are different stories mentioned in Surah Qamar with English translation. The story of Hazrat Mosa (عليه السلام), Hazrat Nuh (عليه السلام), Hazrat Musa (عليه السلام) and the people of ‘Aad and the punishment of Allah (سبحان و تعالىٰ) they endured because of their disbelief in the messengers of Allah and refusal to his command. The stories are divided into sections.
The first part explains how Allah (سبحان و تعالىٰ) tried to guide them, the second part explains how they went astray and refused to believe in Him and third, the Punishment they suffered.
If you want to read about the stories of the Prophets and what they faced during the preaching of the message of Islam, Surah Qamar ayat 10 to Surah Qamar ayat 45 and onwards have what you are looking for, however, from Surah Qamar Ayat 43 the punishments of the disbelievers are discussed. Moreover, Surah Qamar Ayat 49 is the one in which Allah (سبحان و تعالىٰ) says that “And we created everything according to an estimate”.
Surah Qamar benefits if recited in the night. Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told us that “Whoever recites Surah-al-Qamar will shine like a full moon on the day of Judgement”.