Hadith is the record of actions, words and way of living of the Islamic Prophet
Muhammad (P.B.U.H.). It is the Arabic word for speech, report, narrative, and account.
Hadith has two parts, first is the chain of narrators who have transmitted the report
(isnad), and the second one is the main text of the report (matn). Individual Hadith
are classified by Muslim clerics and jurists categorizing it into Sahih, Hasan,
Dissimilar from Holy Quran, Hadith are not divine revelation. They are not written
down by Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H.)’s followers immediately after his death. It
took several generations to collect, collated, and compiled into proper Hadith books.
Various collections of Hadith books come to differentiate the different branches
of Islamic school of thoughts.
During the 8th and 9th centuries, Holy Hadith were evaluated
and gathered into large collections, generations after the death of Prophet Muhammad
(SAW), after the end of the era of the "rightful" Caliphate Rashidun,
over 1,000 km from where Prophet Muhammad lived.
Holy Hadith defines the rightful way of living and performing regular activities
in accordance to the teachings of Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H.). These are the reported
behaviors and rituals defining details of religious practices which are not found
in the Holy Quran. For instance, saying five times prayers is mentioned in Holy
Quran, but what is the right method of performing Salaat is only available in Holy
Hadith. Similarly, Holy Hadith guides you about everyday activities such as table
manners, postures, attire, sleeping manners, to name a few. Hadith is also regarded
as the significant tools for understanding the things mentioned in Holy Quran but
not explained in detail.
Significance of Hadith in Islam
The importance of Hadith is secondary to Holy Qur'an. After Holy Quran, Holy Hadith
holds the supremacy in developing Islamic jurisprudence. About the significance
of Hadith, it has been narrated through a chain of narrators, including Muhammad
ibn Isma'il and originating with Imam Ja'far al-Sadiq, that the Prophet Muhammad
(P.B.U.H.) once addressed his people in Mina saying ‘O people, whatever comes to
you in the form of my Hadith, if it agrees with the Holy Book of Allah, it is genuine,
but whatever comes to you that does not agree with the book of Allah you must know
that I have not said it.'
List of Hadith Books
Some of the list of Hadith books collected by Muhaddiths includes:
Kutub al-Sittah, the Six Canonical Books of Hadith:
Sunan Abu Dawud
Sunan Ibn Majah
The book of Sahih Bukhari contains all the knowledge of the Holy sayings of Prophet
Muhammad SAW. This book contains all the Hadith related to every subject and aspect
of life. The importance of this book is that it contains parts. Each part has its
own topic and chapters related to it. Sahih Bukhari is a complete book for the guidance.
The Sahih Bukhari is a real authentic source of Hadith.
Sahih Muslim is the second book of which is narrated from Sahih Bukhari. The Ahadith
mentioned in the book are authentic. Sunni Muslims consider this book the second
most authentic Hadith collection, after Sahih Bukhari. Sahih Muslim book is as much
important for Hadith as Sahih Bukhari. Sahih Muslim has a bayaan upon the rules
of transactions, the rules of divorce, wills, vows, oaths, punishments, property,
government, agreements and many other aspects related to these problems.
Sunan Al Nasai:
Sunan Al Nasai can be stated as the third edition in the books of Ahadith. This
great book Sunan al Nasai of Abu Abdur-Rahman Ahmad bin Shu'aib bin Bahr An-Nasai
Nasa of Khurasan contains 5761 Ahadith, making it as an invaluable addition to anyone's
library. Sunnis regard this collection as the fifth most important of their Sahah
Sitta Hadith collections.
Sunan Abu Dawud:
Sunan Abu Dawud is different from other books of Ahadith as it is divided into 3
other categories. The first category consists of those traditions that are mentioned
by Bukhari and/or Muslim. The second types of traditions are those which fulfill
the conditions of Bukhari or Muslim. It took Abu Dawood 20 years to collect the
Hadiths. Sunnis regard this collection in Sunan Abu Dawud as fourth in strength
of their six major Hadith collections.
Sunan Al Tirmidhi:
Jamia Tirmizi is a collection of Hadith compiled by Imam Abu Isa Muhammad at-Tirmizi
(rahimahullah). Imam Tirmizi began compiling it after the year 250 A.H. and completed
this work with an effort spread over 20 years. Imam Tirmizi’s method was that of
placing the heading first, then mentioning one or two Ahadith which were related
to the heading. These Ahadith in Jamia Tirmizi are followed by his opinion as to
the status of the Hadith.
Sunan Ibn Majah:
Sunan Ibn Majah is one of the major books of Ahadith. This Sunan was authorized
by Ibn Majah. Ibn e Majah was born in Qazwin which is modern Iranian province today.
He left his hometown to travel to the Islamic world. The book contains so many important
chapters and Ahadith related to some very crucial aspects of life. Sunan Ibn Majah
is one of the most authentic books of Ahadith. The most discussed chapter in this
book of Sunan Ibn Majah is about the etiquettes.
This page comprise of online Hadith books chapter wise in Arabic, Urdu, and English.
Every Hadith book has various chapters and Hadith for each chapter is mentioned.
You can even select your desired Hadith book and select the relevant chapter you
are looking for to check for Islamic guidance in various acts of life. You can read,
and share the online Hadith books of your preference to your friends and family.
You can even search Naats online from this page.