VISITING MADINAH (A Journey of Love)
To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet’s city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram nor talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet’s Mosque.
PROCEDURE TO VISIT MADINAH
01. Travel to Madinah and Niyyah
When you start travel to Madinah, Make niyyah (intention) as such:
O Allah! I start journey to visit the holy tomb of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). Please accept it from me.
During this journey, recite Darud Sharif frequently. When the city of Madinah is in sight, show your extreme fondness and excitement and humbly enter the city while reciting Darud and Salam.
After putting your luggage at your residence, take a bath or perform ablutions (vudu), wear nice dress, apply perfume and proceed towards the Prophet’s Mosque while uttering Darud
Enter the mosque through Bab-e-Jibril or Bab-us-Salaam or if this is not possible, enter through any other door.
04. Right Foot.
Place your right foot first in the entrance, praise Allah (such as say Allah Ho Akbar, Subhan Allah, Alhamdulillah, etc.), recite Darud and say: Allah humma aftah li abwabe rahamte ka
05. Two Raka’t Nafl.
If it is not undesirable (Makrooh) time, offer two rakahs of nafl tahiyyat al-masjid (greeting of the masjid) preferably in Riaz al-Jannah near the tomb of the Prophet or otherwise anywhere else in the mosque.
06. In front of the Holy Tomb.
1. The Holy Prophet
2. Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique
3. Hadrat Umar Farooq
07. In front of the sacred tomb of The Holy Prophet (peace be upon him), there are three sections of brass screens and all three have holes in them. Look at the picture carefully. If you stand in front of the middle section between the pillars, you'll see a big round hole on your left. This is in front of the face of the Holy Prophet. Adjacent to it is a door that stays closed. Right after it on the right side is a round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Abu Bakr Siddique. On the right of it, there is another round hole which is in front of the face of Hadrat Umar Farooq.
Here is an enlarged view of the screen in front of the sacred face of our beloved Prophet (peace be upon him). Standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice:
Assalamu alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmatul-lahi wa barakatuhu (Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.)
After this say:
Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Rasul-Allah
Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Nabi-yallah
Assalatu was-salamu alaika ya Habib-Allah
Then supplicate to Allah for good things in this life and the life after death. You may use the same supplication recited earlier during the Tawaf:
Rabbana atina fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasanatan wa qina azabin nar.
08. Offer Salam of others.
Now offer salam of relatives or friends in your own language or say:
Asslamu alaika ya Rasul Allah min----."
After the word "min", add the name of your friend or relative.
09. Salam on Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique.
Then move a little to the right and stand before the grave of Hazrat Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him.
10. Salam on Hazrat Umar Farooq.
Again move a little to the right before the grave of Hazrat Umar ( may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him.
11. Forty Prayers.
Men should offer forty prayers (Salat) in the Prophet's Mosque, but it is not a requirement of any kind. It is only Mustahab, i.e., rewarding if done, but if not done there is no sin.
12. Other places to visit.
Some of the other important places to visit are: Masjid Quba, Jannat al-Baqee, graves of Hazrat Hamzah and other
martyrs of Uhud (may Allah be pleased with them) and Masjid Qiblatain, etc.
Among them Masjid Quba is the most important. It is the first mosque in the history of Islam whose foundation stone was laid down by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) himself on his migration to Madinah. To offer 2 raka'ats of nafl in it is equal to one Umrah. After visiting the Prophet’s Mosque and his tomb every pilgrim should try his best to visit it and pray in this mosque as well.
13. Departure from Madinah.
When you have to leave Madinah, offer your Salam again to the Prophet (peace be upon him), cry at this separation, supplicate to Allah and leave with the earnest desire to come back.