Water scarcity is a social
issue that has prominently become a major concern all over the world. Water is
the main ingredient of food for human body to intake without which no living
thing can survive on Earth. Water is the main source of life since the birth of
Universe. There can be situations when food is abundant in some zones but only
water remains lifesaving element which verifies a God gifted chemical
composition. We are the fortunateliving being as our Earth is the only planet in
the entire Universe blessed with water. God has shaped the Earth with 70% of
water coverage whereas 3% of it is worth for human drinking. A good portion of
the amount is consumed by freeze icy mountains.
Unfortunately, with the increase of population, the water amount under the
ground is reducing up to a dangerous level. The level is decreasing so hastily
that the leading countries have given an alarming signal to their nations to
save water up to maximum level. Currently, a major portion of world’s population
is deprived of clean drinking water. A huge segment of human inhabitants are
unable to access the clean water for even personal usage. According to CDP's
Global Water Report 2017, Canada is the only prosperous country reported
consuming 1,017 cubic meters per capita as water is abundantly available there.
According to WWF statistics, a massive number of 1.1 billion people around the
world scarce water access. Brazil is the only country enjoying the highest level
of fresh water resources that surrounds about 8,233 cubic kilometers.Russia is
remarkable for freshwater bodies like lakes, rivers, and human made dams and
reservoirs. On the contrary, Libya has twofold troubles as it is vitally
suffering from water shortage along with facing a long period of political
turmoil. A few other places suffering from water scarcity to quote are Western
Sahara, Yemen, Jordan, and Djibouti.Pakistan is also in frightening situation as
in deserts people spend whole day searching for water, but still they don’t get
clean healthy water.
If we define water scarcity, it is an emergency condition of water shortage all
around the globe. Wikipedia acknowledges the water scarcity within a region as
the dearth of sufficient accessible water assets required to meet the usage
demand.Water scarcity has affected all continents, for instance, approximately
2.8 billion humans on our globe remain deprive of water for one month in each
year. A hazardous figure of 1.2 billion people remain shortageof germs free
drinking water- A vital element of life. Not only human being but plants,
animals, birds, and mammals need water to survive. Due to lack of water, the
agriculture sector has been effected abundantly. A foremost cause of this grave
social issue is the over usage as the people dealing with it very roughly misuse
water and waste it without realizing the worth of this natural wealth. It is
over used for cleanliness, land, animals, and a lot of other needs.
Pollution of water is a huge social problem concerning badly planned sewerage
system. Clean water is harmfully mixed with industrial waste that routes towards
fields producing poisonous crops. Seeds of vegetables, fruits and other edibles
are fed with chemical water causing diseases like asthma, cancer, black fever,
intestinal congestion, and diphtheria. In some areas, water scarcity is due to
long distance from water sources, natural drought, and short of rainfall.
Although natural causes can’t be meet but political reasons of water blockage
seem extremely cruel as some governments and rural authorities get control on
water supply for establishing their authority.
However, this social issue is resolvablemostly through awareness campaigns.
People can be educated about the prevention of water wastage. The countries
still sufficient in water resources can direct their policies to the governments
facing alarming water scarcity to save them from facing worse conditions. Masses
in rural areas must be educated to save water as they are the potential users of
water for harvesting crops. Advance technology should be implemented in water
consumption areas so that this life saving element can be preserved for future
generations. Governments must take actions to store and recycle the rainwater.
Construction of dams and water reservoirs are the need of time.
Awareness programs must be announced for women in urban and rural areas by
keeping the attendance a must. Because household activities like washing,
cleaning, boiling, cooking are mostly accomplished by housewives and maids. The
situation of water scarcity can be controlled instead of increasing in the world
by improve the sewage systems especially in rural areas. Sanitation conditions
require to be improved by constructing public toilets, road, and streets.
Domestic usage of boiled water is next solution for healthy bodies.
It is the duty of not only governments but societies to use advance technology
for water conservation. Citizens should pool money to buy latest technological
instruments to conserve water that ultimately leads to save human life.
Organizations must offerskills, donations, efforts, and manpower to eradicate
the hazardous social issue of water scarcity. A lot of hard work is required to
spread this social issue so that it can be cured on time.