POWER & IT'S ROLE FOR THE SURVIVAL OF MANKIND

(Areeba Siddiqui, Karachi)

In my point of view power is an important aspect for the survival of mankind. Without the power the number of occurring difficulties faced by each individual would be a total mess for the state as there would be no possible way out from the issues and they will keep on rising. Power beholds the nation and is a major part for survival as it is the integral part of a nation because it the major outlook of a nation or a state, power is generally associated with the stronger of nations, as the ability to change the domestic affairs of other nations through military threats. Power is essential for the balancing of the international system. Power in international relations is defined as, "Power is an actor's, state or non-governmental actor, ability to exercise influence over other actors, state, or non-state, within the international system." Power is one of the most important fields in international relations. There are two dominant traditions of power analysis in international relations: the 'elements of the national power approach', which depicts power as property of states, and the relation power approach, which depicts power as an actual or potential relationship.

In other words, some realists define power in terms of resources, while others define it in a relational manner as the ability to exercise influence over other actors. Proponents of the elements of the national power approach associate power with the possession of specific resources. All of the important resources that a state possesses are typically combined to determine its overall aggregate power.

The resources that are indicators of national power are the level of military expenditure, size of the armed forces, gross national product, size of territory, and population. In line with this tradition, Morgenthau (1954) equated power with the possession of identifiable and measurable resources and listed geography, natural resources, industrial capacity, military, and population as stable power elements of a nation. Carr (1946) argued that military power was the most important form of power in international politics, as it serves as both a means and an end in itself.
Power of a nation is dependent upon several factors which are together called the components or elements or determinants of national power. Frankel calls these as capabilities or capability factors.

National power is defined as the sum of all resources available to a nation in the pursuit of national objectives. National power stems from various elements, also called instruments or attributes; these may be put into two groups based on their applicability and origin - "natural" and "social".

*Natural:-
1-Geography
Important facets of geography such as location (geography), climate, topography, and size play major roles in the ability of a nation to gain national power. Location has an important bearing on foreign policy of a nation. The relation between foreign policy and geographic location gave rise to the discipline of geopolitics.

2-Resources
Natural resources are resources that exist without any actions of humankind. This includes all valued characteristics such as magnetic, gravitational, electrical properties and forces, etc. Resources come in many forms, including nuclear, fossil fuels like natural gas, oil and coal and renewable resources like wind and solar.

3-Population
Another basic element which affects national power is population. “As long as men are needed for production and fighting, other elements being equal, the state with a large number of men and women to perform such tasks shall be more capable of becoming a major power.” Manpower continues to be a key factor which determines the industrial and military capacities of a nation and its status as a power in international relations.

*Social:-
1-Economic
Economic power is the ability of countries, businesses, or individuals to improve their standard of living. It increases their freedom to make decisions that benefit themselves alone and reduces the ability of any outside force to reduce their freedom. Purchasing power is a significant component of economic power. Countries, companies, and individuals can acquire economic power by improving their income, thereby adding to their wealth. That allows them to purchase more and better goods and services to meet their needs.

2-Political
Political power is defined as, “Political power is the totality of means, influences, and pressures — including authority, rewards, and sanctions — available to achieve the objectives of the power-holder, especially those of government, the state, and those groups in opposition.” In social science and politics, power is the capacity of an individual to influence the actions, beliefs, or conduct (behaviour) of others. The term authority is often used for power that is perceived as legitimate by the social structure.

3-Military
A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for warfare. It is typically officially authorized and maintained by a sovereign state, with its members identifiable by their distinct military uniform. It may consist of one or more military branches such as an army, navy, air force, space force, marines, or coast guard. The main task of the military is usually defined as defence of the state and its interests against external armed threats.

4-Psychological
Political psychology is the study of psychological processes that shape political behavior and of the process by which political events influence the psychological reactions of individuals and groups. Psychological power can help in understanding other countries and their political means of interaction and relationships.

5-Informational
Informational Power is where a person possesses needed or wanted information. This is a short-term power that doesn't necessarily influence or build credibility. Right information of the right states or countries can lead to the right decisions for the sake of living. It may not be credible but it is essential for people.

CONCLUSION:-
Power contains all these factors and lack of any one of them may affect the state or nation which is directly proportional to the survival of mankind. Power has a very strong and important role in the life of every human being. Above mentioned powers both in natural and social terms are the essential part of living which can help in numerous ways and can prove to be a stronger nation, country or state all over the globe.

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