On this day in 1777, 11,000 American Patriots under General George Washington attempt an early morning attack on British General William Howe’s 9,000 British troops at Germantown, Pennsylvania, five miles north of the British-occupied capital city of Philadelphia.
On this day in 1957, The Soviet Union inaugurates the “Space Age” with its launch of Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite. The spacecraft, named Sputnik after the Russian word for “satellite,” was launched at 10:29 p.m. Moscow time from the Tyuratam launch base in the Kazakh Republic.
On this day in 2011, Michael Morton, who spent 25 years in prison for his wife’s murder, is released after DNA evidence implicates another man in the crime. The prosecutor in the case later was accused of withholding evidence indicating that Morton was innocent.
Oct-4,1992 A cargo plane crashes into an apartment building near an airport in Amsterdam, Holland, on this day in 1992. Four people aboard the plane and approximately 100 more in the apartment building lost their lives in the disaster.
A Boeing 747 cargo jet was scheduled to bring 114 tons of computers, machinery, textiles and various other materials from Amsterdam to Tel Aviv, Israel.
Oct 4,1999 Israeli PM Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat agreed on terms for the first safe route between the West Bank and Gaza Strip.
Oct-4,1996 On this day, BOOM BOOM (Shahid Afridi) bursted on the International ODI scene and scored a blistering 102 off just 37 Balls, the then fastest century. This record remained intact for 18 years till it was broken in 2014 by Corey Anderson.
On this day in 2011, Steve Jobs, the visionary co-founder of Apple Inc., which revolutionized the computer, music and mobile communications industries with such devices as the Macintosh, iPod, iPhone and iPad, dies at age 56 of complications from pancreatic cancer.
October 5,1919 A young Italian car mechanic and engineer named Enzo Ferrari(Founder of Ferrari) takes part in his first car race, a hill climb in Parma, Italy. He finished fourth. Ferrari was a good driver, but not a great one: In all, he won just 13 of the 47 races he entered. Many people say that this is because he cared too much for the sports cars he drove: He could never bring himself to ruin an engine in order to win a race.
Oct-5,1969 In an embarrassing breach of the United States’ air-defense capability, a Cuban defector enters U.S. air space undetected and lands his Soviet-made MiG-17 at Homestead Air Force Base, south of Miami, Florida. The presidential aircraft Air Force One was at the base at the time, waiting to return President Richard M. Nixon to Washington. The base was subsequently put on continuous alert, and it opened .
Oct-5,1974 American David Kunst completes the first round-the-world journey on foot, taking four years and 21 pairs of shoes to complete the 14,500-mile journey across the land masses of four continents. He left his hometown of Waseca, Minnesota, on June 20, 1970. Near the end of his journey in 1974 he explained the reasons for his epic trek: “I was tired of Waseca, tired of my job, tired of a lot of little people who don’t want to think, and tired of my wife.” During the long journey, he took on sponsors and helped raise money for UNICEF.ew radar tracking facility to prevent the repetition of a similar incident in the future.
Oct-5 On this day in 1947, American President Harry Truman (1884-1972) makes the first-ever televised presidential address from the White House, asking Americans to cut back on their use of grain in order to help starving Europeans.
Oct-6, 1981 Khaled el Islambouli assassinated Anwar Sadat, the president of Egypt, as he was reviewing troops on the anniversary of the Yom Kippur War. Khaled el Islambouli, a lieutenant in the Egyptian army with connections to the terrorist group. The terrorists, all wearing army uniforms, stopped in front of the reviewing stand and fired shots and threw grenades into the crowd of Egyptian government officials. Sadat, who was shot four times, died two hours later. Ten other people also died in the attack.
Oct-7 1949 On this day, East Germany was created.
Oct-7, 1985 Achille Lauro an Italian ship was seized by a commando of the Palestine Liberation Front (PLF) of Abu Abbas who organized the hijacking off the Egyptian coast, taking its 450 passengers hostages.
Oct-7 On this day in 2001, a U.S.-led coalition begins attacks on Taliban-controlled Afghanistan with an intense bombing campaign by American and British forces. Logistical support was provided by other nations including France, Germany, Australia and Canada and, later, troops were provided by the anti-Taliban Northern Alliance rebels. The invasion of Afghanistan was the opening salvo in the United States “war on terrorism” and a response to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, D.C.
Oct-7 On this day in 1943, Shigematsu Sakaibara, commander of the Japanese garrison on the Wake island, orders the execution of 96 Americans POWs, claiming they were trying to make radio contact with U.S. forces.
Oct-7 On this day in 2003, actor Arnold Schwarzenegger was elected governor of California, the most populous state in the USA with the world’s fifth-largest economy. Despite his inexperience, Schwarzenegger came out on top in the 11-week campaign to replace Gray Davis, who had earlier become the first United States governor to be recalled by the people since 1921. Schwarzenegger was one of 135 candidates on the ballot, which included career politicians, other actors, and one adult-film star.
On this day in 2005, a massive 7.6-magnitude earthquake strikes the Kashmir border region between India and Pakistan. An estimated 70,000 people—nearly half of them children—were killed and 70,000 more were injured. More than 3 million were left homeless and without food and basic supplies.
Oct-8, 1967 A Bolivian guerrilla force led by Marxist revolutionary Che Guevara is defeated in a skirmish with a special detachment of the Bolivian army. Guevara was wounded, captured, and executed the next day.
Oct-9, 2006 North Korea conducted first Atomic weapons test.
Oct-9 On this day in 1967, socialist revolutionary and guerilla leader Che Guevara, age 39, is killed by the Bolivian army. The U.S.-military-backed Bolivian forces captured Guevara on October 8 while battling his band of guerillas in Bolivia and assassinated him the following day. His hands were cut off as proof of death and his body was buried in an unmarked grave. In 1997, Guevara’s remains were found and sent back to Cuba, where they were reburied in a ceremony attended by President Fidel Castro and thousands of Cubans.
Oct-9, 1962 Uganda gained independence from Britain.
Fiji got independence from Great Britian.
On this day in 2008, a man from Belgium named Luc Costermans sets a new world speed record for blind drivers (192 mph). Costermans set the record in a borrowed Lamborghini Gallardo on a long, straight stretch of airstrip near Marseilles, France. He was accompanied by a carload of sophisticated navigational equipment as well as a human co-pilot, who gave directions from the Lamborghini’s passenger seat.re left homeless.
Oct-11On this day in 1975, William Jefferson Clinton married Hillary Rodham in Little Rock, Arkansas, USA. Bill and Hillary met in 1972 while both were studying law at Yale University.
Oct-11, 1852 The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university was inaugurated in Sydney.
Oct-11, 1942 Indian Star, Actor, Singer and Producer Amitabh Bachan was born.
After sailing across the Atlantic Ocean, Italian explorer Christopher Columbus sights a Bahamian island, believing he has reached East Asia. His expedition went ashore the same day and claimed the land for Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain, who sponsored his attempt to find a western ocean route to China, India, and the fabled gold and spice islands of Asia.
Oct-12, 1999.Martial law was declared by Army Chief General Pervez Musharraf in Pakistan.
Oct-12,2002. Three bombings shattered the peace in the town of Kuta on the Indonesian island of Bali. The blasts, the work of terrorists, left 202 people dead and more than 200 others injured, many with severe burns. The attacks shocked residents and those familiar with the mostly Hindu island, long known as a tranquil and friendly island paradise.
Oct-12, 2000. At 12:15 p.m. local time, a motorized rubber dinghy loaded with explosives blows a 40-by-40-foot hole in the port side of the USS Cole, a U.S. Navy destroyer that was refueling at Aden, Yemen. Seventeen sailors were killed and 38 wounded in the attack, which was carried out by two suicide terrorists alleged to be members of Saudi exile Osama bin Laden’s al Qaeda network.
The cornerstone was laid for a presidential residence in the newly designated capital city of Washington (USA). In 1800, President John Adams became the first president to reside in the executive mansion, which soon became known as the “White House”.
Oct-13 On this day in 2010, 33 miners trapped nearly half a mile underground for more than two months at a caved-in mine in northern Chile, were rescued. The miners survived longer than anyone else trapped underground in recorded history.
Oct-13,1923 Ankara replaced Istanbul as the capital of Turkey.
Oct-13 On this day in 1943, the government of Italy declared war on its former Axis partner Germany and joined the battle on the side of the Allies.
Oct-13, 1948. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, One of the Greatest singers of Pakistan was born.
Oct-14, 1947. U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound.
Oct-14, 1964. African American civil rights leader Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America. At 35 years of age, the Georgia-born minister was the youngest person ever to receive the award.
Oct-14, 1882. University of the Punjab was founded in a part of India that later became West Pakistan.
Oct-15, 1931. Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam, 11th president of India and well known Muslim scientist was born.
Oct-16, 1934. The embattled Chinese Communists broke through Nationalist enemy lines and begin an epic flight from their encircled headquarters in southwest China. Known as Ch’ang Cheng—the “Long March”—the retreat lasted 368 days and covered 6,000 miles.He came to be known as the "Missile Man" of India for his work on the development of ballistic missile.
Oct-16,1951. The first Prime Minister of Pakistan, Liaquat Ali Khan, was assassinated in Rawalpindi.
Oct-16, 1964 China detonated its first nuclear weapon.
Oct-17, 1973.The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) implemented what it calls “oil diplomacy” on this day in 1973: It prohibits any nation that had supported Israel in its “Yom Kippur War” with Egypt, Syria and Jordan from buying any of the oil it sells. The ensuing energy crisis marked the end of the era of cheap gasoline and caused the share value of the New York Stock Exchange to drop by $97 biOct-17, 1979.
Mother Teresa was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.llion. This, in turn, ushered in one of the worst recessions the United States had ever seen.
Oct-18, 1867. U.S. formally took possession of Alaska after purchasing the territory from Russia for $7.2 million. USA celebrates this day as "Alaska Day."
Oct-18, 2007. A suicide attack in Karachi (Pakistan) on a motorcade carrying former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto killed 139 and wounded 450+. Bhutto herself was uninjured.n Oil pipeline explosion in Jesse, Nigeria, killed 700 people. The resulting fire burned for nearly a week.
Oct-18, 1931. Thomas Alva Edison, The inventor of incandescent lightbulb (1879), and Alkaline battery, was died in USA.
Oct-19, 1950.The People's Republic of China joined the Korean War by sending thousands of troops across the Yalu River to fight United Nations forces.
Oct-19, 2005. Saddam Hussein went on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity.
Oct-20, 2011. Moammar Gadhafi (Former President of Libya) the longest-serving leader in Africa and the Arab world, was captured and killed by rebel forces near his hometown of Sirte, Libya. The eccentric 69-year-old dictator, who came to power in a 1969 .
Oct-20, 1947. United States of America and Islamic Republic of Pakistan established diplomatic relations for the first time.uman rights violations against its own people.
Women in France were allowed to vote for the first time.
Oct-22, 1927.Nikola Tesla introduced six new inventions including a motor with one phase electricity.
Oct-22, 2008. India launched its first unmanned lunar mission Chandrayaan-1
Oct-23,1983. Lebanese Civil War,The U.S. Marines barracks in Beirut was hit by a truck bomb, killing 241 U.S. military personnel. A French army barracks in Lebanon was also hit that same morning, killing 58 troops.
Oct-24, 1945. The United Nations was formed.
Oct-24, 2003. Supersonic Concorde plane, which travels twice the speed of sound, made its last commercial flight.
Oct-25, 1962. Nelson Mandela went to prison for five years.
Oct-26, 1984.Stephanie Fae Beauclair (Baby Fae), became the first infant subject of a xenotransplant procedure, receiving the heart of a baboon.
Oct-26, 1979.Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea was assassinated.
Oct-26, 1947.Hari Singh, The Maharaja of Jammu and Kashmir agreed to allow his kingdom to join India.
Compile by Uzma Janjua