The Concept of classroom
management involves major components of teaching, learning and action in the
class room. It is the study of various factors influencing the learning process
on one hand and discipline and control of the classroom on the other hand.
Classroom management is nothing but management of class, with discipline and
control over the students’ behavior and learning. Briefly we could define
classroom management as
“A system of action and interaction in the classroom between the teacher and
taught for better learning and better interaction between them.”
Classroom management removes the disruption and barriers in the smooth teaching
learning process. Therefore classroom management got a significant importance in
today’s education system. Classroom management is purely related with
teaching-learning process and it specifies the roles of teachers and students.
Classroom management enables the students to work hard and learn better as it
creates awareness among them to accept the rules and procedures which are
prepared for their effective learning and all round development. While framing
the rules and procedures the school managers and the teachers must have
consultation with the students and also give fair chance to put forth their
perspective. The sole reason for the classroom indiscipline of the students is
due to unproductive and traditional teaching. The indiscipline of the students
in the classroom could minimize if teacher spend time on productive and creative
learning rather spending time on controlling and discipline procedures. A
teacher who promotes self-discipline among the students is having high regards
in the society. A good teacher always develops self-discipline among his
students through the process of self control rather than imposing external
discipline. Always the procedures, methodologies for classroom management must
be flexible. The school managers and the teachers while preparing the procedures
and methods for discipline must be cautious and pay much attention to this task
as there are no universal prescribed rules and procedures or methods for
classroom management. The managers and teachers are requested to design and
adopt these procedures according to their demands. In most of the occasion the
present mindedness of the teacher will be helpful in maintaining the discipline
of the classroom. The procedures and rules design and framed for the better
classroom management always aim at preventing or minimizing the disturbance of
the class. It will be controlled amicably if the teacher is aware of the
problem, strategies and preventive steps to be adopted in advance.
Factors which affect the Classroom management: Class room management is a
complex and dynamic relationship of the teacher and the taught which is
influenced by several factors which includes (i) Stages of learning (ii)
Objectives of Teaching-Learning Process (iii) Modes of Teaching (iv) Condition
of learning. If the aforementioned factors not given importance while framing
the procedures for the smooth classroom management then the procedures will be
of no use. The knowledge of the child growth and development, stages of
learning, child needs and their impact are the factors that influence the
classroom management. Objectives of teaching learning regarded as the reference
points to the whole education system therefore it is very important to the
teacher to understand the objectives. They must be cautious while adopting the
methods of teaching and discipline, strategies and techniques to be evolved and
the evaluation techniques to be followed. The teaching strategies or modes
determine the discipline and control of the students. Child centered, activity
based teaching, interactive process of learning will be helpful in maintain the
classroom discipline and promoting the productive learning. If the teacher aware
of the condition of learning then he will make learning more meaningful and
interesting. The awareness of the teacher with the principals of condition of
learning promotes effective significant learning in non-threatening conditions
Techniques for better classroom management: Effective teachers are passionate
about educating their students. They want to spend their time teaching, not
dealing with classroom disruptions. Proactive planning and skilled management of
classroom activities can prevent many of the management problem faced by the
teachers. Here are some classroom management tips of prime importance is
mentioned to help teachers to settle problems, or prevent them from occurring,
so that they can spend more of the classroom hour on teaching and learning.
I. Get the attention of the Class: Get the attention of everyone before the
beginning of the class. Don’t use the traditional dialogues such as be quiet, I
won’t start until everyone is ready, to get the attention of the class. To get
the students to focus on you just walk to the front of the room and engage them
and start your class with couple attention getting comments and continue until
everyone is with you. Remember, don’t start teaching until all eyes are on you
and everyone is in their seat.
II. Self-discipline: The teacher should adopt self-discipline in the classroom
through constant and continuous efforts.
III. Healthy Classroom Climate: The teacher should established congenial climate
in the classroom. Such that all students feel free to participate and ready to
share their opinion and feedback.
IV. Identify Problems: Teacher and taught both sit together and identify
classroom problems, social, academic, psychological and emotional problems that
may arise in the classroom.
V. Focus on the Disruptive Students: If students aren’t paying attention or busy
doing other things, get them focused by using nonverbal signals of disapproval.
If they are talking, pause and look toward them, continue with the lesson but
walk while teaching towards the problematic students and stop near. Having you
so near the troublesome students usually shuts off the unwanted activity as the
rest of the class’s attention is directed towards the misbehaving students. If
there is a discussion going, direct a question to the student who is not paying
attention or misbehaving. Remember to use his name when you begin to speak,
otherwise he may not hear the question. Calling on a person by name brings
almost anyone out of his or her reverie.
VI. Imposing Discipline Measures and Rules: If non-verbal cues are disregarded,
the next step will be imposing discipline measures within the classroom such as
having them to stay a few minutes after class or changing their seat.
VII. Keep Eye on the Class: Class goes much better when teacher keep eye on the
students. Position yourself so that most, if not all of the class is visible.
Watch out for shelves, computer equipment or class supplies that can block your
view. When teaching, try to be facing students as much as possible. As you work
with a student at his or her desk, place yourself so you can see most of the
class. As you move around the classroom, don’t follow the same pattern. By
varying your routine, it becomes harder for students to be disruptive if they
don’t know where you will be next.
VIII. Make known the students the consequences of the Disruptive behavior: Good
classroom management starts the first day of school. Once students learn there
will be consequences for misbehavior, they usually try to avoid it and promote
among them the spirit of self-discipline.
IX. Role of the Teacher: The role of the teacher is very important in managing a
classroom. The classroom management demands the following points to be followed
by a teacher for a good classroom management.
(a) No bias or prejudices should be shown against students.
(b) Do not rub the children of disruptive behavior on the wrong side.
(c) Provide proper counseling and guidance to students and plan for their
Classroom Management is an art as well as skill. Classroom management is an
ongoing process and it never ends. Proactive planning and skilled management of
classroom activities can prevent many of the management problems faced by the
teacher and students. By applying the above mentioned procedures and strategies
teachers could manage the class affectively and will established a positive