Women’s freedom in Islam is one
of the most vulnerable targets for attackers of Islam. The conflict is not
because the Islamic concept of women’s freedom has any weakness, because Allah’s
laws are perfect in every way. The weakness is rather in lack of knowledge and
research in Islamic academics and ignorance of Muslims in general regarding this
Since God is the absolute and the sole master of men and the universe, He is the
sovereign Lord, the Sustainer and Nourisher, the Merciful, Whose mercy enshrines
all beings; and since He has given each man human dignity and honour, and
breathed into him of His own spirit, it follows that, united in Him and through
Him, and apart from their other human attributes, men are substantially the same
and no tangible and actual distinction can be made among them, on account of
their accidental differences such as nationality, color or race.
Today people think that women are liberated in the West and that the women's
liberation movement began in the 20th century. Actually, the women's liberation
movement was not begun by women but was revealed by God (s.w.t.) to a man in the
seventh century by the name of Muhammad (peace be upon him), who is known as the
last Prophet of Islam. The Qur'an and the Traditions of the Prophet (Hadith or
Sunnah) are the sources from which every Muslim woman derives her rights and
Islam, fourteen centuries ago, made women equally accountable to God (s.w.t.) in
glorifying and worshipping Him - setting no limits on her moral progress. Also,
Islam established a woman's equality in her humanity with men. In the Qur'an, in
the first verse of the chapter entitled "Women," God (s.w.t.) says,
"O mankind! Be careful of your duty to your Lord Who created you from a single
soul and from it its mate and from them both have spread abroad a multitude of
men and women. Be careful of your duty toward Allah in Whom you claim (your
rights) of one another, and towards the wombs (that bore you). Lo! Allah has
been a Watcher over you."
Islam has allocated the management of the house as a woman’s basic role, in
which she takes care of her family, raises and educates her children, and caters
for the needs and desires of her husband. Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said:
“A woman is the guardian of her husband’s house and is responsible for it.” (Al-Bukhari
Despite the noble position bestowed upon her in the home, Islam does not
discourages the concept of working women. A woman has been afforded the right go
buy and sell while entrusting others to do her bidding.
The Messenger of Allah (S) has stated:
“Worship has seventy elements; the noblest of which is endeavoring to gain
The noble Musa ibn Ja‘far (‘a) has declared:
“Surely Allah, the Honored, the Glorified, disfavors languid and idle servants.”
However, taking heed of the special physical and spiritual genesis of women, not
all lines of work are consistent with their eminence or abilities and other
members of the society. Women are exquisite, sensitive, and beautiful beings.
Because of this exquisiteness and beauty, they have much allure and influence
Thus, they must endeavor to choose professions that can keep their spiritual and
physical beauty impeccable for their husbands.
Like men, women are completely free in marriage and choosing their spouse. A
mature woman may not be married without her consent and such a marriage is void.
No one has the right to force a woman to marry or to choose a specific husband
for her, even one’s father, mother, sibling, or grandparents. Imam Sadiq (‘a)
“Women must be asked permission for their marriage, virgin or otherwise, and
marriage is not correct without the woman’s behest.”
Islam has given rights and freedom to women in seeking knowledge as well.
The Prophet (pbuh) said: "Seeking knowledge is a mandate for every Muslim (male
and female)." This includes knowledge of the Qur'an and the Hadith as well as
Unmarried women may freely endeavor to acquire knowledge and no one has the
right to prevent them from learning. However, a married woman must observe the
rights of her spouse and children and must confer with her husband on this issue
in order to reach a consensus.
One of the most important right given to Muslim women by God (s.w.t.) 1400 years
ago is the right to vote. On any public matter, a woman may voice her opinion
and participate in politics. One example, narrated in the Qur'an (60:12), is
that Muhammad (P.B.U.H) is told that when the believing women come to him and
swear their allegiance to Islam, he must accept their oath. This established the
right of women to select their leader and publicly declare so. Finally, Islam
does not forbid a woman from holding important positions in government.
Abdur-Rahman Ibn Auf consulted many women before he recommended Uthman Ibn Affan
to be the Caliph.
To sum up the whole, it is Islam the only religion that has made women rights
equal to men rights and has provided all the due rights that no any other
religion has granted so far. Women in Islam are considered precious & valuable
and have been granted recognition, protection, respect, modesty and are honored
with integrity, prosperity and due rights in all code of life. In Islam, there
is no single aspect of life, where women’s rights are subjugated and thus has
proved to be the right and true religion and revealed by God, which besides
other religious aspects has bestowed women with their due rights.