Ethnic Diversity in Azerbaijan

(Basit Ali, Islamabad)

Multiculturalism in Azerbaijan

The Republic of Azerbaijan is in the crossroad area of Southeastern Europe and Southwest Asia which is connected as South Caucasus. Azerbaijan is surrounded by Russia, Iran, Georgia, Armenia, and the Caspian Sea. Respecting than 9 million people are living in Azerbaijan among which 52% of society are living in the urban region while 48% are living in the rural region. Becoming to such get-up-and-go which is surrounded by Azerbaijan, the domestic disagreement is there. The time of the country’s citizenry is domestic Azerbaijanis while Lezgins are the kindest inborn youth. The ethnic diversity of the Republic of Azerbaijan as follows:

Azerbaijanis are Standoffish distance from show off as Azerbaijani Turks because they are found in the independent Republic of Iran. They are the most populous ethnic devise in Turkic people. They are also known as Azeris which refers to the Turkic people of Azerbaijan because they were initially called as Turkmens, Turks, Ajam Muslim, and Persian back when religious identification prevailed over ethnic documentation. They are Shia Muslim with mix cultural inheritance which included the Turkic, Caucasian and Iranian elements whose official dialect is Azerbaijani. They are the tucker ethnic group in Azerbaijan having 92% of the race in total.

Lezgins are best known for their folk dance and music and it consists of 2% of Azerbaijan’s population. They are the sanction largest ethnic minority of the country and they reside in Northeastern Azerbaijan and southern Dagestan. They speak Lezgian language and they are most familiar with Northeast Caucasian dialects. They are related to Aghuls and distant related to Tsakhurs, Tabasarans and Rutuls both culturally and linguistically. They are Sunnis Muslims with a small group of Shias Muslims.

Russians account for 1% of the population in Azerbaijan and they arrived during the first half of 19th century as civilians Settlers before the treaty of Turkmenchay was approved. After this Orthodox Russians immigrant starts settling in South Region i.e. the Caucasus regulate without any authorization in another half 19th century. Fitting to interethnic conflicts, Russians population move to the North Caucasus. They are the unshaded dialect for Russians of Azerbaijan and they are basically Orthodox Christians.

Armenians account for 1% in Azerbaijan population and they lived once in large numbers in both modern state as well as Soviet Azerbaijan. The conflicts of Nagorno-Karabakh compel the Armenians to migrate and the remaining are living in Nagorno-Karabakh which is control by the breakaway region. They are either married with Azeri or both Armenians and Azeri descents. This ethnic group is at risk due to the conflicts between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Talyshi instigated from the southwest section of the Caspian Sea. They also note for 1% of the population of Azerbaijan and they belong anthropologically to the Iranian Indo-European people. They speech Talyshi dialectal in the southern part of Azerbaijan.

Demographic trends in Azerbaijan endeavor symptomatic of important modification caused by both the Nagorno-Karabakh war and the fall of the Soviet Union, which has led to a significant number of ethnic minorities in Azerbaijan to leave the country. Apart from the first ethnic group in Azerbaijan, there is some alteration minority, ethnic groups, apart from mentioned above. The other minority ethnic groups in Azerbaijan include the Avars, the Ashkenazi Jews and the Georgians representing 2% of the population.

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