Pakistan is a poor country. Its economy is facing variations now a day. When Pakistan become it has very low resources and capital, so the processes of progress were very slow. Unfortunately the politicians of Pakistan were all not well aware of modern global system and the progress processes and the needs of country. Due to bad policies today Pakistan is facing a lot of problems. The continuous failure of policies leads the people of country to miserable conditions. The major problem in the country is poverty which is becoming the cause of crime and social disorder.
Poverty is an inability of a human being to effectively contribute to the society, It also means that a person does not have enough food or clothing for a family, does not have access to hospital or a school, does not own a land on which he can grow food, does not have a job to earn one’s living and does not have access to money, poverty refer to powerlessness, uncertainty, and excepting of individuals from contribution in society.
Another cause of poverty is corruption. People use wrong way to get money by using fair and unfair means. Officials waste their time has low efficiency. Only one relationship that is exists in society is money. One has to pay a heavy cost to get his right. Law and order conditions are out of control and institutions are failed to provide justice to a common man. Justice can be bought by money only. But government is unable to control such type of things. In this whole scenario some corrupt people has been occupying the properties and common man is living in miserable conditions.
Another cause of poverty is literacy, in Pakistan rate is very low. Most of people do not have any concept about the current earning sources. Most of people are unable to adopt technology for their business needs, that’s why business does not meet international standards and results as decrease in revenue that leads the society to poor economic conditions.
Another cause of poverty is Privatization, Government is unable to manage the departments and country has low backup and moneys. So that why for the requirements of country, some companies run by government are sold to foreign investors. The commodities or services provided by the companies are becoming costly. For example if government sold a gas plant then prices for gas in country rises.
Greediness in our society social bonding are gradually becomes thinner and thinner. A race of material object has been started even no one tried to understand the problems of others. Everyone is gradually changing from human to selfishness, they only know about his needs and they have no concept about the limitations of others. People of the society are not ready to help each other. All people of country have lost his trust on others which effect our social and economic system which cause of poverty.
As the moral and culture point of view the main cause for poverty is the public dishonesty and irresponsible behavior of people. Everyone is trying to get rich by using unfair means. A shop keeper is ready to get whole money from the pocket of customer. People doing jobs are not performing their duties well. In society the man measured brave or respectful those who do not pay taxes or always violate the laws. This irresponsible behavior always increases and produces loss for county.
Effects of poverty:
The most common effect of poverty is malnutrition and this effect is particularly seen in children of poor families. People living in poverty they have no access for highly nutritious foods. The healthiest foods are usually the most expensive, that’s why family on a very small budget is much more likely to purchase food that is less nutritious, simply people can afford. In other hand people in poverty are malnourished because they do not eat sufficient of anything. For some people around the world, quality food is a luxury. A total of 14.3 percent of people in developing countries face hunger and about 25 percent of Sub-Saharan Africa is considered malnourished. Poor nutrition causes 45 percent of deaths in children under the age of 5years.
One of the most severe effects of poverty is the health effects that are always present that lead from disease to life expectancy to medicine. Diseases are very common in poor people living due to poverty because they lack the resources to maintain a healthy living environment. They are almost always lacking in nutritious foods, which decreases their bodies’ ability to fight against diseases. Hygiene conditions are commonly very low, increasing the rate of contracting a disease. Sometimes these diseases can be minor, but other times they can be life-threatening. In general, people living in poverty cannot afford appropriate medicines to treat these illnesses.