Concept of Oneness in Holy Qur`an
The organization and harmony in the working of the mega universe shows that it follows a uniform law necessitate to understand that there is one Creator-Lord. Belief in Islam forms foundation of human life. Allah is the pivot of the Muslim faith. It is the belief in One Almighty who is the Creator and God of Adam, Abraham, Buddha, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad. (May peace be upon them).The same one Creator is the Lord of all human beings, animals, all creatures and creations of all world.
“Nay, Allah is your Patron, Lord, Helper, Protector and He is the Best of Helper."
The Magnificent and all-powerful Allah can make such amazing things and create miracles that we mere mortals with our little intellect cannot even imagine. The Almighty was able to create this whole Universe and all its creatures in just six days. Therefore, the importance of worshipping the One True God is the most logical and rightful thing.
“Verily your Lord is Allah, who created the heavens and the earth in six Days, then He established Himself on the Throne(of authority), Regulating and governing all things. No intercessor (can plead with Him) except after His leave (hath been obtained). This is Allah your Lord; so worship him alone.”
In the Holy Quran God describes himself as One; however, He uses two different Arabic words Ahad and Wahid. The name al-Ahad that appears in Surah Al-Ikhlas is more emphatic and eloquent in expressing the concept of “oneness” than the name al-Wahid, though both names convey essentially the same meaning: “the One”.
Say: "He is Allah, [who is] One.
Allah, the Eternal Refuge.
He neither begets nor is born,
Nor is there to Him any equivalent.
The word Ahad conveys an uncountable oneness. It is not one in a series. It cannot be added to or divided into fractions. It stands for a singular, unique entity. Also, in Arabic grammatical usage, it is the form of the word “one” used to distinguish an individual from others, like in the phrase “one of them” in “Only one of them showed up.”That One cannot have any comparison, a sole unique entity who does not have an equal or competitor in any way and inherently one.He alone gives life and causes death.
WordWahid is simply the Arabic word for the number “one”. As a name of Allah, it refers to His being the one and only true God. It also refers to His being the First, before whom nothing existed. This in turn, communicates that no one deserves to be worshipped besides Him (Allah), and that He has no partner in divinity. Allah is creator, judge, and rewarder.
The great oft-repeated reading in the Quran about the Oneness and supremacy of Allah is the beginning verse of Bismillah which translates as “In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful”. "Bismillahir Rahmaanir-Rahiim" is part of the Quran and it is one of the Aayat of Surah Al-Naml. At the start of all other Surah also was placed `Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Rahiim’. It reminded that all that was being revealed was from Allah.
The purpose of opening the revelation (Al-Quran) as “Read in the Name of your Lord-Master-Sustainer-Cherisher” seems to be to set the direction on the Straight Path, right at the beginning. "And He is Allah: There is no god but Allah. To Him be praise, at the first and at the last.
The Qur’an stresses above all Allah’s singularly sole sovereignty; a doctrinal tenet indicated by the Arabic term Towheed (oneness).Islam believes in Towheed which is not only monotheism. I.e. belief in one God but much more. Towheed literally means unification, “asserting oneness” which means unite, unify or consolidate.
The fundamentals of Towheed are as under:
Towheed al-Uluhiyah. (Oneness of Allah)
Associating others with God is known as shirk and is the antithesis of Tawheed. It is usually but not always in the form of idolatry but also in supplicating to others than Allah, or believing that they hold the same attributes as Him in an equal or lesser degree. Shirk is the one unforgivable sin according to Islam.
Vincent J. Cornell, Encyclopedia of Religion, Vol- 5, pp 3561-356
Towheed Ar-Rububiyah: (Oneness of Lordship)
Muslims believe that Allah caused all things into existence. Allah is not in need of help or assistance over creation. Allah is the sole creator and maintainer of the universe. "God is one” in the sense that there is no multiplicity or division conceivable in Him, neither outwardly, nor in the mind, nor in the imagination. God alone possesses such a unity.
Say: "Who is it that provides you with sustenance out of heaven and earth, or who is it that has full power over [your] hearing and sight? And who is it that brings forth the living out of that which is dead, and brings forth the dead out of that which is alive? And who is it that governs all that exists?" And they will [surely] answer: "[It is] God."
Towheed-al'Ebadah: (Oneness of Worship)
It is to Allah alone that Muslims direct their worship. Throughout history, people have engaged in prayer, invocation, fasting, supplication, and even animal or human sacrifice to some objects or "nature". But to Muslims, Allah alone is worthy of prayers, praise, obedience, and hope.
Towheedal-Asmaa-was-Sifaat :( unity of Allah's name and attributes)
Allah is Magnificent, omnipotent and all-merciful. Allah is the Lord of the Worlds, the Most High; Allah alone has these attributes perfectly, in full, and in their entirety.
Understanding of the meaning of Tawheed is very important. Islamic scholars have different approaches toward understanding it, comprising Textualistic approach, Philosophical approach, Theological approach, Sufism and Arfani approach, which in fact explain different aspects of the concept.
Kalma Tayyaba is the key to Islam and bears the basic essence of it. The words of Kalma Tayyaba actually signify bearing witness to faith, giving Shahada of what you believe in i.e. the oneness of Allah and Prophet Muhammad being the last messenger of Allah.
There is NO God except Allah
And Muhammad is His messenger
(May peace & blessings be upon him)
Muslim expresses satisfaction and gratitude to God for success when exclaiming: Tabarak Allah (Blessed be God) or Alhamdu lil-lah (Praise be to God). With the words of the Qur’an a Muslim also expresses sorrow and acceptance of God’s will when losing a loved one or in encountering death by saying "To God we belong, and to Him we shall return."
Therefore it is imperative that we humans must worship & give obedience to this one true God/ Allah only. This is His right on us and those who keep the faith & belief in the one Supreme God and obey His teachings then they shall indeed be worthy of heavenly rewards.
“Allah has promised those who believe in the oneness of Allah and do deeds of righteousness that for them there is forgiveness and a great reward i-e., Paradise. “
The heart of faith for all Muslims is obedience to Allah’s Will. Allah has always existed and will always exist as Creator-Lord that shows Towheed al-Uluhiyah &Towheed Ar-Rububiyah: