(Faryal waheed, )

Discrimination represents a major social problem in Pakistan as well as throughout the world. Gender discrimination refers to unequal rights between male and female based on different gender roles which leads to unequal treatment in life. Girls face discrimination everywhere in the world. Nature doesn’t discriminate men from women. But women worldwide have been the victim of inequality not only in terms of social and political rights but also on grounds of employment opportunities. The male dominant society makes its women ordinary of this discrimination. As a result, most women fail to understand their own rights and freedom. There are many spheres of life where women are denied opportunities. Discrimination against females starts with their birth and continues through their lives. An unborn girl child is aborted with the help of sex determination techniques. A girl child who is born is seen as a burden on her parents or family and not given equal treatment as boys of the same family ever since birth. She is either denied of right to education and in some cases it is limited to elementary level. She is married at an early age and this puts an end to any possibilities of growth and a good life in most cases. The discrimination doesn’t end here but continues with the expectations of giving birth to a boy. The violent cycle of female discrimination starts here. Almost all women face some incidents of eve teasing, some are unfortunate to be assaulted sexually and raped. Marriage of a woman becomes more puzzled if she faces dowry threats, which sometimes cause deaths. With such a depressed living, how can we expect the standard of living of women to rise and their presence be felt at international level? Women, both uneducated and partially literate have limited access to health care and job opportunities and remain restricted to the bounds of their everyday work, raising children and looking after families. A good education or qualification does not bring women at par with the men. They are still deprived of many work opportunities as men are believed to be more capable than their female counterparts with similar qualifications. The belief that women do not have ability and intelligence to take up executive positions or high profile jobs is another proof of the discrimination against women in our society. Society favors men and gives them higher authority and this makes women vulnerable to crimes like rapes, eve teasing, sexual abuse etc. Though the number of women officers is growing, yet the number is not comparable with men holding higher ranks. Though, Education is the tool that can help break the pattern of gender discrimination and bring lasting changes for women in developing countries like ours.Pakistan has for decades grossly underinvested in education, and in particular girl’s education. Girl’s education also means complete change for a society. Educated women are essential to end their gender partiality, start by reducing the poverty that makes discrimination even worse in the developing world. Educated women are base of awareness to ending gender bias and make them financially strong to reduce the poverty that is the cause of gender discrimination

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