Surah Dukhan was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in Makkah. “Dukhan” is an Arabic word and it means “Smoke”. It is written in the 44th chapter of the Holy Quran. Surah-al-Dukhan consists of 59 verses which are divided into 3 sections.
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In Surah Dukhan para number 10, there is a word “دُخَانٍ” which means smoke. This Surah is also one of the only 7 Surah’s in the Holy Quran to start with “حم”. As discussed earlier, Surah-e-Dukhan was revealed in Makkah almost alongside Surah Ghafir, Fussilat, Shuraand Zakhuruf between the 4th to 7th years of Prophethood.
It is narrated by Masruq-bin-al-Ajda that Abdullah-bin-Masood said: The people of Makkah were denying every teaching of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم). One day Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) prayed to Allah to give these people the same punishment that the people of Hazrat Yusuf (عليه السلام) suffered from and so his prayer was accepted by Allah (سبحان و تعالىٰ) and the whole land suffered from famine.
Afterward, Cheifs of the Quraish came to the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and requested him to pray to Allah (سبحان و تعالىٰ) to end this famine. This was the time when Surah-e-Dukhan was revealed. Surah Dukhan revealed that no one can avoid the punishment of Allah. However, in Surah Dukhan Ayat 54 to 59, the blessing of the worldly life and afterlife is revealed.
Surah dukhan ki fazilat (Importance) is told by the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) himself, he said; “If anyone recites Surah-e-Dukhan at any night, 70 thousand angels will ask forgiveness for him in the morning”. And also Abu Umamah said: “I have heard the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, “Whoever prays Surah Dukhan on the eve of Friday God makes for him a home in paradise.